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These elephants defend the environment but are in danger

These elephants defend the environment but 
are in danger 

These elephants defend the environment but are in danger
These elephants defend the environment but are in danger 

An ongoing report shows the incredible commitment of wild elephants to our planet, yet tragically, they are at risk for elimination because of poaching. 

An ongoing report recommends that poaching notwithstanding destabilizing nations, undermining biodiversity and modifying environments, can quicken the atmosphere emergency. Looked with this circumstance, wilderness elephants are exceptionally useful, however lamentably, they are an imperiled species. 

These elephants are identified with the savanna elephants that are bigger and energize the development of huge trees that are perfect for putting away carbon. 

As indicated by researchers, if this species vanishes, the rainforest of Central Africa would lose around 3 billion tons of carbon stockpiling. 

Elephants add to the earth however are in harm's way 

Fiona Maisels, a researcher at the Society for Wildlife Conservation at the University of Stirling in Scotland stated: 

"This new article focuses on something that we have since quite a while ago suspected in Central Africa, yet now this gathering has added to the issue with genuine science. With the loss of wilderness elephants, the loss of carbon stocks can be added to the rundown of biological system benefits that these creatures will never again give. "
As can be seen in recent studies, animals have a great link with the weather. For example, wild herbivores can reduce the intensity and frequency of fires that emit greenhouse gases.

The Amazon lost 12,000 years ago to large herbivores such as land sloths, gonfoterios and glyptodonts, among others. And probably due to these losses there is now a smaller amount of vegetation compared to the rainforest of Africa, according to The New York Times.

The main author of the study, Fabio Berzaghi, who is also an ecologist at the Laboratory of Climate and Environmental Sciences in France, said:

“We thought that elephants perhaps contributed to the differences between the jungles of these two continents. We also wanted to know what the long-term consequences of losing these species would be.

Barzani and his colleagues selected two study sites. The first is in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where unfortunately poaching made elephants disappear 30 years ago. The second place is in the Republic of the Congo where there were large numbers of elephants until recently.

There they measured the size of the trunks of the trees and recorded the species, which gave an idea about the short-term effects of the absence of elephants.

In the case of the long term, they created a computer model that simulated the basic functions of the African rainforest, including growth, death, competition, photosynthesis and tree reproduction, including and excluding elephants.

As a result, it was obtained that elephants almost exclusively knock down trees with a diameter of 30 centimeters or less, and prefer to eat softwood trees and fast growth. Thus favoring large softwood trees and slow growth that store more carbon than the equivalent volume of smaller softwood trees.

Rosie Fisher, a scientist at the National Atmospheric Research Center in Boulder, Colorado, who was not involved in the research, said:

“This is the first study I have seen in which large changes in carbon multimegatons are attributed to specific species. It really opens a new frontier in the way we understand the interactions between large animals and carbon storage. ”

With the exception of some surviving populations, jungle elephants are functionally extinct in almost all of their former habitat. This species has decreased by 62% between 2002 and 2011 due to poaching.

According to Iain Douglas-Hamilton, founder of Save the Elephants, a conservation organization based in Kenya, hunting has spread to Gabon, a country where half of the jungle elephants that exist in the world are located.

Douglas-Hamilton said:

"It is shocking that right now that we begin to understand that elephants have a fundamental role in carbon storage in Africa, they are also suffering from the real threat of eradication."

In the study conducted by Berzaghi, it is not possible to know how much carbon has already been lost due to the decline of elephants, but it is certainly very important to stop hunting to help restore populations.

Barzani said:

“There is increasing evidence that elephants are a key species that not only benefits their ecosystem but all ecosystems. Climate change is a complex problem that will probably require many small solutions, and this could be one of those solutions. ”