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How to wash your hands: We bet you did not know

How to wash your hands: We bet you did not know

How to wash your hands: We bet you did not know
How to wash your hands: We bet you did not know 

Studies confirm: If you wash your hands properly with soap and water, this will reduce your risk of developing an intestinal infection by 30% and a respiratory infection by 20%, including acute respiratory viral infections, influenza, and pneumonia. Why? A simple example: If someone sneezes or coughs, hiding behind the palm of his hand, seizes the door handle or handrails in the transportation with the palm of the hand, then grabs the same handle or handrails, then viruses and bacteria will remain in your hand. This circumstance by itself is not a problem. The problem is that we are touching tens or even hundreds of times a day without awareness. With each such touch, you run the risk of introducing infection into the body through the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, and eyes. But if you wash your hands properly, the risk is greatly reduced.

How do you wash your hands?

This seems complicated: 

it is washed and washed. It is important for the foam to form - enough number of bacilli that collect dirt particles.

Some simple tricks will help to clean the places we usually don't get between the fingers, at the beginning of the wrist and under the nails.

The World Health Organization has developed a plan that all doctors know well: 
it's 11 steps to completely clean hands. For the algorithm to work, it is enough to wash your hands for 20 seconds: you don't have to discover time, just sing Happy Birthday twice in a row. Correct movements will quickly become automatic. After washing your hands, wipe them dry with a towel.

How often do you need to wash your hands?

The main task is to reduce the chance of microbes entering the oral cavity or on the mucous membranes of the nose and eyes. To do this, wash your hands every time:

Before eating, as well as before cooking and before preparing a table. Make sure to wash your hands after working with raw meat and vegetables.
When they came from the street or took out the trash.
After the toilet: 1 gram of stool contains about a trillion microorganisms, among which are pathogens from intestinal infections (for example, pathogenic E. coli, salmonella and norovirus, causing diarrhea).
After caring for the baby: wash your hands if you change your nappy or wash it.
Before and after treating a wound or any damage.
After playing with pets: Animals often suffer from infectious and parasitic diseases.
Do not forget to wash your hands often when you are sick: this will not help spread the infection and not injure loved ones. By the way, you should usually sneeze and cough in the elbow bend, not in the palm of your hand.

How to wash your hands

The simplest and most reliable method is soap. This is a superficial factor: it helps to break down the film that forms and break apart its surface. When we grind hard soap or liquid foam, an emulsion is formed: an aqueous medium in which small bubbles float - micelles. These bubbles enter insoluble fat molecules and other contaminants that bacteria sit on. This allows you to rinse it with water.

If there is no soap nearby, you can:

Wash your hands with water: it will be less effective than soap, but definitely better than nothing.
Use antiseptic (hand sanitizer gel). It does not completely replace hand washing, because it does not affect all viruses and bacteria: some microorganisms more effectively remove regular soaps (for example, norovirus or clostridia). It also does not wash off dirt and does not help to get rid of the effects of pesticides or salts of heavy metals, which can be in water bodies and soil, and therefore will not help to clean hands after a picnic or work in the garden. However, antiseptic gels help to effectively combat many infections, if used correctly: pour a small amount of gel onto your hands and rub it dry - so the procedure will be more effective. The choice of gels with an alcohol content of at least 60%.
But antibacterial soap is better not to use it. First, it has long been proven that its effectiveness in fighting bacteria is no higher than that of regular soaps. Secondly, the continued use of antibacterial hygiene products can lead to the emergence of bacteria that are resistant to antimicrobial agents (antibiotics have been ineffective recently due to their frequent use - this is a very big problem in modern medicine). Therefore, in 2016, the American FDA (Food and Drug Administration), which decides on the safety of medicines and food products, banned the sale of antibacterial soap and gels in the United States.